Дослідження складу та властивостей піроконденсату піролізу зношених автомобільних шин

Ksenia Hrynyshyn1, Volodymyr Skorokhoda1, Taras Chervinskyy1
Affiliation: 
1Lviv Polytechnic National University, 12 Bandery St., Lviv 79013, Ukraine chervinskijt@gmail.com
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.23939/chcht16.01.159
AttachmentSize
PDF icon full_text.pdf240.09 KB
Abstract: 
Одним з варіантів утилізації зношених автомобільних шин є низькотемпературний піроліз, цільовим продуктом якого є піроконденсат. Вивчено фракційний склад і властивості піроконденсату піролізу гумових відходів, отриманого на промисловій установці. Проведено розділення піроконденсату на бензинову та дизельну фракцію і залишок. Встановлено склад та властивості цих фракцій. Проведено рентгенофлуоресцентний аналіз та ІЧ-спектроскопічні дослідження піроконденсату і вузьких фракцій, виділених з нього.
References: 

[1] Hetmanchuk, Yu.P.; Bratychak,M.M.Khimiya ta TekhnolohiyaPolimeriv. BeskydBiT: Lviv 2006.
[2] Bratychak, M.M.;Grynyshyn, O.B.;Prysyazhnyy, YU.V.;Pushak, A.P. NaftopolimerniSmolyizFunktsiynymyGrupamy. Syntez,Vlastyvosti, Zastosuvannya. VydavnytsvoLvivskoyipolitekhniky:Lviv, 2016.
[3] Bratychak, M.;Gagin, M.; Shyshchak, O.;Waclawek, W. Obtaining of Petroleum Resins Using Pyrolysis By-Products. 1. Hydrocarbon Pyrolysis By-Products. Ecol.Chem.Eng.S2004, 11 (S1), 15-20.
[4] Michael Bratychak, MyroslavaGagin, Olena Shyshchak, Witold Waclawek. Obtaining of Petroleum Resins Using Pyrolysis By-Products. 2. Method of Petroleum Resins Obtaining. Ecol. Chem. Eng.S2004,11(S1), 21-26.
[5] Bratychak, M.;Astakhova, O.;Shyshchak, O.; Namiesnik, J.; Ripak, O.; Pyshyev, S. Obtaining of Coumarone-Indene Resins Based on Light Fraction of Coal Tar.1. Coumarone-Indene Resins with Carboxygroups.Chem. Chem. Technol. 2017, 11, 509.
https://doi.org/10.23939/chcht11.04.509
[6] Bratychak, M.; Brostow, W.; Grynyshyn, O.; Shyshchak, O. Synthesis and Characterization of Petroleum Resins with Epoxy Groups. Mater.Res.Innov. 2003, 7, 167-171.https://doi.org/10.1007/s10019-003-0243-5
[7] Skibitskiy, V.; Grynyshyn, O.; Bratychak, M.; Waclawek, W. Obtaining of Petroleum Resins Using Pyrolysis By-Products. 4. Resins with Carboxy Groups. Ecol. Chem. Eng.S2004, 11 (S1), 41-51.
[8] Bratychak, M.; Grynyshyn, O.; Shyshchak, O.; Romashko, I.;Waclawek, W. Obtaining of Petroleum Resins Using Pyrolysis By-Products. 12. Petroleum Resins with Hydroxyl Groups. Ecol. Chem. Eng.S 2007, 14 (2), 225-234.
[9] Bratychak, M.; Shust, O.;Chervinskyy, T.; Shyshchak, O.;Waclawek, W. Obtaining of Petroleum Resins Using Pyrolysis By-Products. 14. Petroleum Resins with Fluorine Atoms. Ecol. Chem. Eng.S2011, 18 (1), 49-54.
[10] Gagin, M.; Bratychak, M.; Shyshchak, O.Waclawek, W. Obtaining of Petroleum Resins Using Pyrolysis By-Products. 3. Petroleum Resins with Epoxy Groups. Ecol. Chem. Eng.S2004, 11 (S1), 27-40.
[11] Bratychak, M.; Gagin, M.;Shyshchak, O.;Waclawek, W. Obtaining of Petroleum Resins Using Pyrolysis By-Products. 5. Epoxy-Oligomeric Composites on the Basis of Petroleum Resins with Epoxy Groups. Ecol. Chem. Eng.S2004, 11 (S1), 53-58.
[12] Chervinskyy, T.; Bratychak, M.; Gagin, M.; Waclawek, W. Obtaining of Petroleum Resins Using Pyrolysis By-Products. 6. Petroleum Resins with Epoxy Groups as Active Components of Epoxy-Polymeric Composites. Ecol. Chem. Eng.S2004, 11 (11), 1225-1231.
[13] Bratychak, M.; Shyshchak, O.;Romashko, I.; Bratychak Mich.;Waclawek, W. Obtaining of Petroleum Resins Using Pyrolysis By-Products. 8. Petroleum Resins with Epoxy Groups Modified with Maleic Anhydride. Ecol. Chem. Eng.S2006, 13 (S1), 17-24.
[14] Bratychak, M.; Romashko, I.; Shyshchak, O.;Bratychak. Mich.;Waclawek, W. Obtaining of Petroleum Resins Using Pyrolysis By-Products. 9. Petroleum Resins with Epoxy Groups Modified Simultaneously with Maleic Anhydride and Styrene. Ecol. Chem. Eng.S2006,13 (S1), 25-33.
[15] Bratychak, M.;Romashko, I., Shyshchak, O.;Bratychak, Mich.;Waclawek, W. Obtaining of Petroleum Resins Using Pyrolysis By-Products. 10. Resins with Carboxyl Groups Based on C9Fraction from Gasoline Pyrolysis.Ecol. Chem. Eng. S2006, 13 (12), 1345-1352.
[16] Bratychak, M.;Romashko, I., Shyshchak, O.;Bratychak, Mich.;Waclawek, W. Obtaining of Petroleum Resins Using Pyrolysis By-Products. 11. Resins with Carboxyl Groups Synthesized in the Presence Peroxydiglutaric Acid. Ecol. Chem. Eng.S2007, 14 (S2), 245-252.
[17] Bratychak, M.;Romashko, I., Shyshchak, O.;Waclawek, W. Obtaining of Petroleum Resins Using Pyrolysis By-Products. 7. Resins with Carboxy Groups and Block-Cooligomers Based on Them and Polyethylene Glycol. Ecol. Chem. Eng.S2006, 13 (S1), 7-16.
[18] Grynyshyn, O.; Bratychak, M.; Krynytskiy, V.;Donchak, V. Petroleum Resins for Bitumens Modification. Chem. Chem. Technol.2008, 2, 47-53.https://doi.org/10.23939/chcht02.01.047
[19] Bratychak, M.;Grynyshyn, O.; Astakhova, O.; Shyshchak, O.;Waclawek, W. Obtaining of Petroleum Resins Using Pyrolysis By-Products. 13. Petroleum Resins with Hydroxyl Groups Modified with Styrene. Ecol. Chem. Eng.S 2008, 15 (3), 387-396.
[20] Bratychak, M.; Ripak, O.; Namiesnik, J.;Shyshchak, O.; Astakhova, O. Obtaining of Coumarone-Indene Resins Based on Light Fraction of Coal Tar. 2. Coumarone-Indene Resins with Epoxy Groups. Chem. Chem. Technol. 2018, 12, 93-100.https://doi.org/10.23939/chcht12.01.093
[21] Sidun, I.; Solodkyy, S.; Shved, M.; Astakhova, O.; Shyshchak, O.; Bratychak, M. Obtaining of Coumarone-Indene Resins Based on Light Fraction of Coal Tar. 5. Emulsions on the Basis of Bitumen Modified by Coumarone-Indene Resins with Epoxy Groups. Chem. Chem. Technol. 2019, 13, 489-494.https://doi.org/10.23939/chcht13.04.489
[22] Bratychak, M.; Astakhova, O.; Prysiazhnyi, Y.; Shved, M.;Shyshchak, O.; Namiesnik, J.; Plonska-Brzezinska, M. Obtaining of Coumarone-Indene Resins Based on Light Fraction of Coal Tar. 3. Coumarone-Indene Resins with Methacrylic Fragments. Chem. Chem. Technol. 2018, 12, 379-385.https://doi.org/10.23939/chcht12.03.379
[23] Kutova, J. ProblemyUtylizaciiVidhodiv. https://sites.google.com/site/smittausvititaukraieni/home/(accessed May 12, 2021)
[24] Bradford, A. Pollution Facts & Types of Pollution. https://www.livescience.com/22728-pollution-facts.html(accessed May 12, 2021)
[25] Horner, J.M. Environmental Health Implications of Heavy Metals Pollution from Car Tyres. Environ. Health Rev.1999,11(4), 175-178.https://doi.org/10.1515/REVEH.1996.11.4.175
[26] Coleman, L.W. Tire Recycling and the Environment: Benefits and Challenges. EHS Daily Advisor, Mar 22, 2021. https://ehsdailyadvisor.blr.com/2021/03/tire-recycling-and-the-environme...
[27] Wulandari, P.S.; Tjandra, D.Use of Crumb Rubber as an Additive in Asphalt Concrete Mixture. Procedia Eng. 2017, 171, 1384-1389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.01.451
[28] Lushinga, N.; Cao, L.; Dong, Z.; Yang, C.; Assogba, C.O. Performance Evaluation of Crumb Rubber Asphalt Modified with Silicone-Based Warm Mix Additives. Adv. Cicil Eng.2020, 2020, Article ID 4840825. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/4840825
[29] Nagurskyy, A.; Khlibyshyn, Y.; Grynyshyn, O.Bitumen Compositions for Cold Applied Roofing Products. Chem. Chem. Technol. 2017, 11, 226-229.https://doi.org/10.23939/chcht11.02.226
[30] Grynyshyn, O.B.;Khlibyshyn, J.Y.;Nagyrskyy, A.O.;Nagurskyy, O.A. MetodyOderzannjaBitumivizZalyshkivPererobkyVazkyhNaft. TechnologicheskyyAudit iRezervyProizvodstva2015, 25(5/4), 45-48.
[31] Nkosi, N.; Muzenda, E.; Gorimbo, J.;Belaid, M.Developments in Waste TyreThermochemical Conversion Processes: Gasification, Pyrolysis and Liquefaction. RSC Adv.2021, 11, 11844-11871. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0RA08966D
[32] Czajczyńska, D.; Anguilano, L.; Ghazal, H.; Krzyżyńska, R.; Reynolds, A.J.; Spencer, N.; Jouhara, H.Potential of Pyrolysis Processes in the Waste Management Sector.Therm. Sci. Eng. Prog. 2017, 3, 171-197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsep.2017.06.003
[33] Ryzhkov, S.;Rudyuk, N.;Markina, L. Research of Thermal Conductivity of the Condensed Mass of the Whole Waste Tires and Determination of Their Optimum Arrangement in the Pyrolysis Reactor. East.-Eur. J.Enterp. Technol. 2016, 82 (4/5), 12-18.https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2016.73557
[34] Topilnytskyy, P.;Grynyshyn, O.;Machynskyy, O. TekhnologiaPervynnoiPererobkyNaftyiGazu. VydavnytsvoLvivskoyipolitekhniky:Lviv, 2014.
[35] Rybak, B.M. AnalizNeftiiNefteprodyktov. Gostoptehizdat: Moskwa 1962.
[36] Speight, J.G. Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis, 2ndedn.; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,2015.
https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118986370