Removal of Petroleum from Aqueous Systems by Poly(divinylbenzene) and Poly(methyl methacrylate-divinylbenzene) Resins: Isothermal and Kinetic Studies

Carla Silva1, Paulo Rocha1, Thiago Aversa2, Elizabete Lucas1, 3
Affiliation: 
1 Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Macromoléculas, Av. Horácio Macedo, 2030, block J, Cidade Universitária, 21941-598, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil 2 Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio de Janeiro (IFRJ), Av. República do Paraguai, 120, 25050-100, Duque de Caxias, RJ, Brazil 3 Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, COPPE/PEMM, Av. Horácio Macedo, 2030, block F, Cidade Universitária, 21941-598, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil michele.frota@gmail.com
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.23939/chcht13.03.399
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Abstract: 
In this study, the performance of two polymer resins was evaluated, one composed of methyl methacrylate-divinylbenzene (MMA-DVB) and the other of only divinylbenzene (DVB), for adsorption of oil in synthetic oily wastewater. The tests were carried out using two processes: (i) continuous flow, to assess the quantity of oily water that can be eluted until reaching the saturation point of resins; and (ii) batch, to obtain information about the best-fitting kinetic and isotherm models for the two resins. The results for both resins showed better fits to the Freundlich isotherm model and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The low activation energy values found suggest physical adsorption between the resins and oil. Although DVB resin has presented slightly better oil removal efficiency than the MMA-DVB one, the results showed that DVB resin can be industrially replaced by MMA-DVB resin, due to the latter advantages: lower cost, lower toxicity and easy regeneration, as indicated by the kinetic and isotherm studies.
References: 

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