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Kinetic Model of the Process of Polycondensation of Concentrated Phenols of Coal Tar with Formaldehyde

Volodymyr Gunka1,Yuriy Demchuk1,2, Iryna Drapak2, Bohdan Korchak1, Michael Bratychak1
1 Lviv Polytechnic National University, 12 S.Bandery St., 79013 Lviv, Ukraine 2 Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, 69 Pekarska St., 79010 Lviv, Ukraine
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Phenolformaldehyde resins were obtained by polycondensation of concentrated phenols with formaldehyde in the presence of hydrochloric acid. Concentration of phenols is carried out by treating the phenolic fraction of coal tar with an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide followed by neutralization of water-soluble phenolates with hydrochloric acid. The kinetic dependences of resin yield and softening temperature on the duration of the process at 333, 353, and 373 K were obtained. The order of the reaction was determined and the effective activation energy of this process was determined by a graphical method. In the interval 333-373 K for polycondensation reactions, the equation of the dependence of the resin yield on the temperature and duration of the process was obtained.

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