Adsorption of Pb Ions from Oily Wastewater by Anthraquinone Modified Carbon Nanotube

Vahid Moghaddam Nansa1, Maryam Otadi2, Amir Heydarinasab1, Rahebeh Amiri3
1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran 2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran 3 Department of Chemistry, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
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The aim of this research was to investigate the adsorption properties of anthraquinone modified carbon nanotube (ACNT) in oily wastewaters containing Pb ions. The modified adsorbents were characterized using Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy and SEM analysis. The adsorption and regeneration studies were conducted in batch mode using a Taguchi (L16) orthogonal array to optimize experimental runs. The controllable factors used in this study consisted of: pH of the solution (A); adsorbent dosage (B); adsorbent type (C); contact time (D); temperature (F). The effects of each factor were studied at four levels on the removal efficiency of metals from aqueous solution. Concentrations of metal ions were assessed by atomic absorption spectrometer. The total optimum adsorptive removal of lead ions was obtained with C0 = 10 mg•l-1, T = 338 K, pH = 6, m = 0.020 mg and t = 60 min. The Langmuir model was representative to simulate adsorption isotherms. The adsorption kinetics of Pb adsorption by ACNT was modeled using the pseudo-first order, the pseudo-second order, and intraparticle diffusion kinetics equations. The results indicate that the pseudo-second order kinetic equation and intraparticle diffusion model were adequate to describe the adsorption kinetics.

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