Activation and Characterization of Algerian Kaolinite, New and Green Catalyst for Synthesis of Polystyrene and Poly(1,3-dioxolane)

Sarra Sabrina Aiche1, Hodhaifa Derdar1, 2, Zakaria Cherifi1, 2, Mohammed Belbachir1, Rachid Meghabar1 (pp 551-558)
Affiliation: 
1 Laboratoire de Chimie des Polymères, Département de Chimie, FSEA, Université Oran1 Ahmed Benbella BP N° 1524 El M’Naouar, 31000 Oran, Algeria 2 Centre de Recherche Scientifique et Technique en Analyses Physico-Chimiques (CRAPC), BP 10 384, Siège ex-Pasna Zone Industrielle, Bou-Ismail CP 42004, Tipaza, Algeria hodhaifa-27@outlook.fr
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.23939/chcht15.04.551
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Abstract: 
In the present work we have explored a new catalyst prepared with Algerian clay and a new method to synthesise polystyrene and poly(1,3-dioxolane). This technique consists of using Algerian modified clay (Kaolinite-H+) as a green catalyst. Kaolinite-H+ is a proton exchanged clay which is prepared through a simple exchange process. Synthesis experiments are performed in bulk. The polymerization of styrene in bulk leads to the yield of 83 % at room temperature with the reaction time of 3 h. Molecular weight of the obtained polystyrene is calculated by 1H NMR and is about 2196 g/mol. Polymerization of (1,3-dioxolane) is carried out at room temperature with the reaction time of 3 h and polymerization yield of 91 %. The calculated molecular weight of the obtained poly(1,3-dioxolane) is about 573 g/mol. The structure of the obtained polymers is confirmed by FT-IR and 1H NMR. The modified clay (Kaolinite-H+) is characterized by FT-IR, XRD and SEM analysis.
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