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Thermodynamics as a Base of Behaviour of Inanimate and Animate Nature

Georgiy Gladyshev1 and Mark Goldfein2
1 N.N. Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Science, 4, Kosygin str., 119334 Moscow, Russia; 2 Saratov State University, 83 Astrakhanskaya str., 410012 Saratov, Russia
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In this article the concept which allows to investigate the behavior of open (biological) systems by using the laws of unbalanced (classical) thermodinamics is examined. The second law of thermodynamics is applicable to open systems as well, provided that only in case of considering the whole system (continuum) “open system–environment” the total entropy will always increase. The law of temporary hierarchies allows to resolve quasi-closed thermodynamic systems in open biosystems and to investigate their development (ontogenesis) and evolution (philogenesis) by studying changes in the value of Gibbs‘ specific fuctions of formation of any submolecular structure (including a population).

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