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Synthesis of Biomass Waste Derived Activated Carbon-NBR Composites for Automobile Application

Abhijit Jadhav1, Govindaraj Thangaraj Mohanraj1, Ashok Gokarn2, Suseeladevi Mayadevi2
1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra 835215, Ranchi, India 2 National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pune 411008, Maharashtra, India
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This paper reports on usability of activated carbon obtained from areca nut shell, coconut shell, and coconut leaves as a filler to prepare NBR based composite for automobile based application. The carbon was activated by phosphoric acid (H3PO4) as dehydrating agent. The stoichiometric ratio of biomass and phosphoric acid was found to be 3:1 for the batch size of 300 g. As compared to commercially available carbon filler, the activated carbon derived from biomass waste responded better to the petrol swelling test. Among three biomass waste sources, namely, areca nut shell, coconut shell, and coconut leaves, activated carbon derived from coconut shell was appeared to be the best for percent swelling and percent deviation in hardness. The results obtained are confirmed by proximate analysis.

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