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Synthesis and Preparation of Hydrophobic CNTs-Coated Melamine Formaldehyde Foam by Green and Simple Method for Efficient Oil/Water Separation

The-Anh Phan1, Kim-Hoang Dang1, Lam Nguyen-Dinh1
1 The University of Danang, University of Science and Technology, 54 Nguyen Luong Bang, Danang, Viet Nam * corresponding author: Dr. The-Anh Phan
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Hydrophobic porous polymeric materials have attracted great interests recently as potential candicate for oil-water separation due to their high selectivity and sorption capacity. Herein, we present a green, simple and cost-effective method to change hydrophilic melamine formaldehyde (MF) foam to hydrophobic carbon nanotubes (CNTs) coated MF foam through an immersion process. The MF foam was produced from the MF resin which was synthesized in a laboratory by a condensation reaction between melamine and formaldehyde under alkaline condition with a molar ratio of melamine to formaldehyde of 1:3. The MF foam has an open-cell structure with the average pore diameter of 350 m, density of 25 kg •m-3 and porosity of 98 %. The as-prepared CNTs-coated MF foam exhibits high sorption capacity (23–-66 g/g) for oils and organic solvents, good recyclability and high selectivity.

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