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Extraction and Characterization of Algerian Alfa Grass Short Fibers (Stipa Tenacissima)

Abdelhak Maghchiche1, Abdelkarim Haouam1 and Barbara Immirzi2
1Laboratoire de pollution et chimie physique et analytique, Departement de chimie, Faculte des sciences, Universite Mentouri Constantine, 25000 Algeria 2Institute of chemistry and technology of polymers ICTP- Pozzuoli (Na) Italy
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Alfa fibers are cellulose-based fibers extracted from esparto grass leaves using alkaline procedure to remove noncellulosic substances such as pectin, lignin, and hemicelluloses. Morphological characterizations (length, width) of esparto fibers are analyzed. The cellulose fiber extracted was characterized by infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry, thermal analysis TG and DSC, optical and scanning electron micrographs (SEM). In this study, we attempted to characterize the esparto fiber obtained from a chemical extraction using sodium hydroxide then sodium hypochlorite as a bleaching agent. The characterization was based on the measurement of the morphological structure.

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