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Biodegradation of Polymeric Material and Adhesive Properties of Cells of Microorganisms

Gennady Zaikov1, Klara Gumargalieva2 and Marina Artsis1
1N. M. Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences 4 Kosygin str., 119334 Moscow, Russia; 2N. N. Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences 4 Kosygin str., 119991 Moscow, Russia
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The chemical composition of cell membranes of microscopic fungi destroying polymeric materials is analyzed. The concentrations of the major chemical components – phospholipids, glycans, and amines – in nine types of fungi are estimated. The measured ratios of these components provide an estimate of the hydrophobic properties of conidia, controlling microorganism adhesion to polymer surface and subsequent degradation of polymeric materials.

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