Error message

  • Deprecated function: Unparenthesized `a ? b : c ? d : e` is deprecated. Use either `(a ? b : c) ? d : e` or `a ? b : (c ? d : e)` in include_once() (line 1439 of /home/science2016/public_html/includes/
  • Deprecated function: Array and string offset access syntax with curly braces is deprecated in include_once() (line 3557 of /home/science2016/public_html/includes/

Application of Glutaraldehyde-Crosslinked Chitosan Membranes from Shrimp Shellwaste on Production of Biodiesel from Calophyllum Inophyllum Oil

Siti Wafiroh, Murobbiyatul Wathoniyyah, Abdulloh Abdulloh, Yanuardi Rahardjo and Mochamad Zakki Fahmi
Airlangga University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia;;
PDF icon full_text.pdf1.08 MB
The purification of biodiesel was performed using glutaraldehyde-crosslinked chitosan membrane to improve the quality and to reduce the cost of biodiesel production. Biodiesel was obtained by acid-based catalyzed transesterification of Calophyllum inophyllum oil. The results of this experiment showed that the amount of glycerol in biodiesel before the process is 0.3014±0.05 %. After the purification process performed for 1 h, the glycerol content in biodiesel has been reduced to 0.1429±0.09 %.

[1] Singh R. Hybrid Membrane Systems for Water Purification: Technology, Systems Design and Operations. Elsevier, 2006.

[2] Wafiroh S. and Humairo A: Proceed. 3rd Int. Conf. and Workshops on Basic and Applied Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, Surabaya 2011, 324.

[3] Van Reis R. and Zydney A.: Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 2001, 12(2), 208.

[4] Mittelbach M.: Bioresour. Technol., 1996, 56, 7.

[5] Neher A., Haas T., Arntz D. et al.: US Pat. 5387720A, Publ. Feb. 7, 1995.

[6] Wafiroh S. and Febriana H.: Proceed. 2nd Int. Conf. on Chemical Sciences, Indonesia, Yogyakarta 2010, 145.

[7] Pabby A., Rizvi S. and Requena A.: Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Food, and Biotechnological Applications. CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group: Boca raton 2015.

[8] Dube M., Tremblay A. and Liu J.: Bioresour. Technol., 2007, 98, 639.

[9] Wang Y., Wang X., Liu Y. et al.: Fuel Process. Technol., 2009, 90, 422.

[10] Chaudhary J., Vadodariya N., Nataraj S. and Meena R.: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2015, 7, 24957.

[11] Croisier F. and Jerome C.: Eur. Polym. J., 2013, 49, 780.

[12] Dotto G., Moura J., Cadaval T. and Pinto L.: Chem. Eng. J., 2013, 214, 8.

[13] Estevinho B., Rocha F., Santos L. and Alves A.: Trends Food Sci. Technol., 2013, 31, 138.

[14] Ikinci G., Senel S., Akincibay H. et al.: Int. J. Pharm., 2002, 235, 121.

[15] Saleh J., Tremblay A. and Dube M.: Fuel, 2010, 89, 2260.

[16] Berchmans H. and Hirata S.: Bioresour. Technol., 2008, 99, 1716.

[17] Kim S.-K.: Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives: Biological Activities and Applications. CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, Boca raton 2010.

[18] Corazzari I.,; Nistico R., Turci F. et al.: Polym. Degrad. Stab., 2015, 112, 1.

[19] Khor E. and Lim L.: Biomaterials, 2003, 24, 2339.

[20] Mulder J.: Basic Principles of Membrane Technology. Springer Science & Business Media, London 2012.

[21] American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). "ASTM D6751-09, Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels." West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM, 2009.