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L. Hula
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In the article a question is considered in relation to the origin of informal groups convict in correctional colonies. The basic grounds of association are certain convict in the informal groups of negative aspiration. The elements of subculture are outlined after that informal relations are built between convict that is included in such groups. Basic signs are offered that specify on existence of informal groups planted in correctional colonies. The microenvironment of convict has a row of specific features that to influence on a person that departs criminal punishment. In such environment at the general way of life of convict, at a relative alike fate and past criminal activity the unofficial small groups of different orientation are more active formed. It takes place as a result of the direct, protracted enough personal relations between convict in the process of commonunication in the different spheres of activity. Negative moral experience, absence of positive aims can become a favourable underback for forming of negative microenvironment in a colony. For a successful management by an environment convict in correctional colonies necessary knowledge in relation to an origin and functioning of groups convict.

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Vìsn. Nac. unìv. “Lʹvìv. polìteh.”, Ser.: Ûrid. nauki, 2016; 850(11): 486–491