Combustion Properties of Several Species of Wood

Witold Brostow, Kevin P. Menard and Noah Menard
AttachmentSize
PDF icon full_text.pdf228.54 KB
Abstract: 
Six species of wood were studied by combined thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA) so as to evaluate their combustion properties in terms of the amount of energy released, the initial temperature of ignition, and the cleanness of burning. Pinus monticola, Acer saccharum, Quercus rubra, Diospyrus spp., Tabebuia spp. and Guaiacum spp. were chosen to provide a wide range of hardness values and densities. Quercus rubra burned to the hottest temperature of the samples, and also left the least amount of ash behind. For Guaiacum spp. its burning temperature is in the middle of the peak temperatures for other woods – while its final amount of ash is considerably larger than in the other samples. There is no connection between the wood density and the parameters characterizing the burning process.
References: 

[1] Wangaard F. (ed.): Wood: its structure and properties. Materials Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 1981.
[2] Blomquist R. et al. (eds.): Adhesive bonding of wood and other structural materials. Materials Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 1983.
[3] Freas A. (ed.): Wood: Engineering design concepts. Materials Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 1986.
[4] Ragland K., Aerts D. and Baker A.: Bioresource Techn., 1991, 37, 161.
[5] Beall F. and Eickner H.: Forest Products, Lab Report 141700, Madison, WI, 1970.
[6] Nyuyen T., Zavarin E. and Barrall E.: J. Macromol. Sci. Rev., 1981, C21, 1.
[7] Helsen L. van den Bulck E., Mullens S. and Mullens J.: J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 1999, 52, 65.
[8] Gao M., Sun C. and Wang C.: J. Thermal Anal. Calorimetry, 2006, 85, 765.
[9] Nyuyen T., Zavarin E. and Barrall E.: J. Macromol. Sci. Rev., 1981, C20, 1.
[10] Branca C. and Di Blasi C.: Thermochim. Acta, 2007, 456, 120.
[11] Zayed R., Oren M. and MacKay G.: Fuel, 1987, 66, 116.
[12] Menard K.: Ch. 8 [in:] W. Brostow (ed.) Performance of plastics. Hanser, Munich-Cincinnati 2000.
[13] Lucas E., Soares B. and Monteiro E.: Caracterizacao de Polimeros, e-papers, Rio de Janeiro 2001.
[14] Grioui N., Halouani K., Zoulalain A. and Halouani F.: Thermochim. Acta, 2006, 440, 23.
[15] Bodirlau R., Spiridon I., Teaca C. and Popa I.: Cellul. & Chem. Techn., 2005, 39, 25.
[16] Janssen F., Prins M. and Ptasinski J.: J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 2006, 77, 28.
[17] Can K., Fang M., Li S. et al.: Ranshao Kexue Yu Jishu, 2006, 12, 535.
[18] McGee H.: On food and cooking, Collier MacMillan, Toronto 1984.
[19] Hoadley R.: Understanding wood, Taunton Press, Newtown, CT 1980.
[20] Lincoln W. et al.: Encyclopedia of wood. Checkmark Books, New York 1989.
[21] Bunsell A. and Renard J.: Fundamentals of fibre reinforced composite materials, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 2005.